The hidden coltan mines in a forgotten corner of the democratic republic of congo fuel our 21st century lifestyle the black tar-like mineral is the magical component that controls power-flow in. Last month, as i was driving down a backbreaking road between goma, a provincial capital in the democratic republic of congo, and kibumba, a little market town about 20 miles away, i came upon the. Coltan is short for columbite-tantalite - a black tar-like mineral found in major quantities in the congo the congo possesses 80 percent of the world's coltan when coltan is refined it becomes a heat resistant powder that can hold a high electric charge. European companies and the coltan trade: supporting the war economy in the drc 6 executive summary since the outbreak of the second congolese war in august 1998, the people of the democratic republic of.
1/21 the coltan phenomenon how a rare mineral has changed the life of the population of war-torn north kivu province in the east of the democratic republic of congo. The current war in the democratic republic of congo (drc) has brought unspeakable devastation upon its people with approximately 73,000 people dying monthly 1, the death toll is rapidly approaching four million in three years of war. In sub-saharan africa, a video at the 2014 consumer electronics show announces, there is war that feeds off of global demand for electronics the place is the drc—the democratic republic of the congo. Others, have imported coltan from the drc via rwanda for use in europe, asia, and the united states 5 once the coltan is sold onto international markets it is impossible to trace it from the end prod.
The second congo war (also known as the great war of africa or the great african war, and sometimes referred to as the african world war) began in the democratic republic of the congo in august 1998, little more than a year after the first congo war, and involved some of the same issues. 9 dena montague (2002) stolen goods: coltan and conflict in the democratic republic of congo sais review xxii (1) 103-18 10 stephen jackson (2003) fortunes of war: the coltan trade in the kivus pp 21-36 in sarah collinson (ed. In the democratic republic of congo, there has been a four year war over coltan, a heat-resistant mineral ore widely used in cell phones, laptops, and play stations eighty percent of the world's coltan reserves are in drc.
When papa mukendi started his business in 2002, the democratic republic of congo was experiencing one of the bloodiest peaks of its more than two-decade-long war. Coltan (short for columbite-tantalites and known industrially as tantalite) is a dull black metallic ore, from which the elements niobium and tantalum are extracted the niobium-dominant mineral in coltan is columbite (after niobium's original american name columbium), and the tantalum-dominant mineral is tantalite. Coltan, cell phones, and conflict: the war economy of the drc december 2, 2008 by will rogers eclipsed by the world economic downturn, the great heist of the democratic republic of the congo's (drc) resources continues unabated. Mburano's story reflects the misery that war and mineral wealth has brought to the drc at the mine he worked alongside about 15,000 others, digging for the mineral cassiterite and panning for.
Guns, money and cell phones by kristi essick the industry standard magazine issue date: jun 11 2001 the demand for cell phones and computer chips is helping fuel a bloody civil war in the democratic republic of congo. The war in the drc has reached a level of complexity to the point that it has been renamed the african world war, having involved eight african nations and 25 rebel groups and caused the highest. Warlords, soldiers, and child laborers all toil over a mineral you've never even heard of coltan is a conflict mineral in nearly every cell phone, laptop, and electronic device. The mineral trade has funded some of the world's most brutal conflicts for decades today, resources from conflict or high-risk areas, such as parts of afghanistan, colombia, the democratic republic of congo (drc), and zimbabwe, can fund armed groups and fuel human rights abuses. The democratic republic of congo is slowly recovering from a conflict known as africa's first world war, which led to the loss of some five million lives between 1994 and 2003, but many eastern.
Although rwanda and uganda possess little or no coltan, during the period of the war in the congo, their exports escalated exponentially for example, rwanda's coltan export went from less than 50 tons in 1995 to almost 250 tons in 1998. There is too much of a demand for it, even if it is unfortunately one of the main causes of the drc war not to mention the fact that it is one of the only jobs in the area a intermediary, blanchard, buys and sells coltan in the upcountry and goma. In recent years the 'obscure mineral' coltan—geological name columbite tantalite—has become widely known and politicised for being closely connected with the violence of armed groups in the eastern democratic republic of congo (drc) similar to campaigns about 'blood diamonds' in. Video by misereor this video filmed at the fungamwaka mine in the drc reveals the working conditions of artisanal miners who extract the minerals that enter many daily life products such as.
Drc is home to 80% of the world's coltan reserves by helen vesperini in goma, drc in the yard of the shenimed sorting house, young men are busy sorting and cleaning colombo-tantalite ore, or coltan, as it is known in this part of the world. Drc resources include copper, diamonds, cobalt, petroleum, gold, silver, zinc, and coltan the exploitation of coltan, used in computer microchips, is relatively underexamined by the international community, yet it is highly demanded overseas. The origins of war in the drc he had finished a day of sweltering labor in one of rubaya's coltan mines, whose runoff gives the town's waterways the uncanny appearance of rushing, liquid clay.